恭赛明顿是可持续普林斯顿节目主持人。

普林斯顿 has no oceans to flood its streets and no forests where wildfires can burn out of control, but it is not immune to the consequences of climate change. But if Christine Symington gets her way, the town will be doing all it can to mitigate those effects.

赛明顿是节目主持人 可持续普林斯顿, the organization behind the 97-page 普林斯顿 Climate Action Plan, unveiled in July, featuring detailed explanation, goals, and proposed actions. The plan offers a roadmap to reducing the town’s carbon emissions as measured in 2010 by 80 percent in 2050, while continuing to look for strategies to reach 100 percent.

The mandate to create this plan grew out of the town’s goal setting process in 2017, and Mayor Liz Lempert and the 普林斯顿 Council gave the job to 可持续普林斯顿, an organization already researching options for offsetting climate change.

可持续普林斯顿, whose mission is to “inspire our community to develop and implement solutions that positively impact our environment,” understood that to reduce community emissions not only did the government need to be on board, but also businesses, nonprofits, and individual residents.

应对气候变化之前,赛明顿说,“我们不得不做库存,所以我们知道我们的集体排放量,并可以设置一个目标,试图在未来的某个日期,以减少排放。”继在世界各地的城市使用的协议要测量的排放,可持续的普林斯顿大学获悉,两个来源组合以产生最普林斯顿的排放量:住宅和商业建筑,消耗电力和烧天然气,有助于普林斯顿的温室气体排放量的64%,交通有助于30%。

发展过程中,它拉开序幕在2017年与罗伯特·伍德·约翰逊基金会$ 100,000赠款形,由“搞那些背着它关键的角色 - 让他们觉得既得利益者,在成功实施计划,”赛明顿说。该计划的行动来了工作组分别集中在五个行业之一了:能源,土地利用和交通,自然资源,材料管理,和弹性。

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每个扇区的计划提供一个有远见的声明,外面再套“为什么它很重要,”考察迄今取得的进展,并列出目标。每个目标包括动作列表,用自己减少温室气体,实施,领导者和合作伙伴,和其他细节的时间框架潜力一起。最后,该计划设定关键绩效指标和目标完成它们,而且还列出了国家,区域和国家政策,规划,计划和举措可以使普林斯顿,以满足该计划的目标。

能源

‘All our buildings produce emissions, and that is why the first section of the plan is about energy and energy usage and how we can reduce the amount of energy we consume and at the same time have energy coming from cleaner sources like solar and wind,” Symington says.

赛明顿援引其他城市所实施的两项政策:要求在家庭或建筑物被挂牌出售时的家庭能源审计,以告知其效率水平的买家,并要求建筑和多户住宅,以衡量其节能性能。通知的建筑的效率买家是很重要的,赛明顿说,因为“通常是他们更容易做的工作的时间。”

基准涉及提交能源使用的基线测量到的当地政府,然后每年提交更新的测量。他们可以使用能源之星的投资组合经理,由环保机构建立衡量和跟踪能源和水的消耗,以及温室气体排放量的在线工具。 “在纽约市,这个时候颁布,它获得了90%的达标率,”赛明顿说。希望的是大厦业主“将使用这些bt356官网息来实施节能改造。”

该计划要求房主由具有专业的建筑性能研究所认证做家庭审计,以减少能源消耗。审计报告将指出,一个家庭需要空气密封,其中涉及嵌缝哪里漏气存在 - 何地添加保温暴露于外的墙壁或空格。 “更好的bt356官网封,然后所有的设备必须工作量少,”赛明顿说。钱也可以是可通过新泽西州清洁能源项目,以抵消成本。

市政府计划在今年晚些时候提交建议请求可再生政府能源聚集,从而使当地政府要求第三方电商,以供应电力代表所有居民 - 比他们目前支付和具有较高便宜的价格从可再生能源能源的比例。

This has been successful in Livingston, for example, where Direct 能源 is supplying 100 percent renewable energy over a 16-month term that began in June at a price substantially lower than residents had been paying to PSE&G. The importance of negotiating cheaper prices, Symington says, is “that nobody should have to pay more, particularly people who are lower income.”

The municipality has also submitted an application to the NJ Board of Public Utilities that, if selected, will allow Princeton to issue a request for proposal to select a developer to build a community solar project that will offset the utility costs of 普林斯顿’s low- and moderate-income households.

Land use & transportation

Reducing emissions from cars, trucks, and buses, Symington says, is “not just about making vehicles more efficient but about reducing the number of times we have to drive to get somewhere. If we build more densely and closer to public transportation, we reduce the number of vehicle miles traveled.”

“关于运输最难的事情就是减少对汽车的依赖,”赛明顿说。在普林斯顿,她继续说:“一切都在汽车周围建。”这就是为什么许多在运输合同行为的土地使用权。

“如果镇有建造更多的住房,我们要打造它,人们并不需要一辆车,以满足基本需求,去工作,去商店购物,并到医生的办公室,应该是很容易接触到公共交通”赛明顿说。这意味着建立在那里的基础设施和密度到位,而不是“田埂上。”一些动作,可以做到这一点正在更新在城镇周围的某些区域,强制什么可建分区;使用密度奖金和停车学分;并允许附件住宅单元。

减少车辆行驶里程的重要途径是通过切换驱动程序来公共交通。 “我们正在寻求巩固和做连接所有选项的一个更好的工作 - 虎中转,jitneys [属于高级研究所,普林斯顿神学院,威斯敏斯特莱德大学的合唱学院]和freeb,”赛明顿说, “我们要做一个真正全面的,持续的,连续的征战让人们去使用它们。”

公共交通,她说,必须方便:它必须去居民想去的地方,经常足以使它们将使用替代他们的汽车的公共交通。

普林斯顿交通谘询委员会现正与普林斯顿大学,更大的绸缎运输管理协会,以及其他交通发展资源,研究并提出建议普林斯顿改善过境服务的协同运作。气候行动计划减排战略,或刺山柑,团队,其中大学本科生和研究生,高中学生和社区成员,“正在帮助找出成本将协调现有的交通系统。”

Once an integrated system is in place the plan mandates ensuring ridership “by instituting an intensive and continuous transit information and education campaign” that includes way-finding signs and real-time information about transportation options.

The Master Plan Subcommittee of the Planning Board is working on adding a Green Building and Environmental Sustainability element to the Master Plan to integrate the principles of transit-oriented and location-efficient development.

自然资源

This working group looked at the impacts of climate change on green spaces, trees, and the natural environment. “We want to make sure they are healthy,” Symington says. “Not only are they sequestering carbon emissions, they also provide storm water retention. We have to have more pervious cover [that allows water to pass through].”

除了保持树冠,她说,普林斯顿需要减少的维持土地的数量 - 通过促进低MOW和无刈维护 - 土地,我们收。实现这一目标的一个路径是说服机构如高级研究所,普林斯顿神学院和普林斯顿大学的植物,他们维持的土地上更多的草地和雨水花园。 “这也有助于生境多样性,”她说。 “我们希望能够有对于必须忍受气候变化的物种的生态系统。”

物资管理

这个部门涉及“战略,以减少从我们所有的消费习惯的排放量,”赛明顿说。虽然回收和堆肥确实有助于减少我们的碳排放量,消费后的处置占生命周期排放量的不到1%,根据马尔特诺马县,俄勒冈基于消耗库存。 ,预先购买运输(10%),和批发和零售(2%;多数生命周期排放是从生产(56%),使用(例如,洗涤和干燥衣服或在汽车改变油31%)产生)我们购买的产品和商品。

To reduce the emissions that are “embodied” in the products we buy, we need to make more sustainable purchasing decisions and other lifestyle changes. But modifying personal consumption involves individual behavior change. “It involves reusing, repurposing, and thinking carefully before we buy,” Symington says.

弹性

The resiliency working group explored preparatory actions to reduce the community’s exposure to and risk from climate change. An increase in the severity and frequency of storms is resulting in more damage to 普林斯顿’s trees, downed power lines, risks to life and property, and cleanup costs.

车道,道路,停车场,屋顶,和人行道 - - 另一种危险是从径流增加当这种情况发生在降雨量增加与增加防渗盖结合洪水和自然景观是不能有效地吸收雨水。这需要一套关于雨水管理策略:例如,安装绿色屋顶和雨水花园和减少不透水覆盖。

“There is a cultural shift that needs to happen between what is aesthetically pleasing — a very manicured lawn is how we want the lawn to look — and having more native planting,” Symington says. With native plants in place of a lawn, “you don’t have to use lawn equipment to maintain it.”

应对极端天气事件,普林斯顿市,符合可持续普林斯顿的合作伙伴关系对健康的影响,从健康的影响项目获得$ 50,000批,罗伯特·伍德·约翰逊基金会的协作和皮尤慈善bt356官网托基金在寻找如何交集城市应对气候变化和健康。

该项目的重点是弹性的策略,做一个更好的工作在极端天气下达到弱势群体。这涉及到与普林斯顿的应急服务和卫生部门,以确定居民易受风暴或热浪,并找出他们需要什么,比如,水源充足或获取药品或医疗器械的工作,确保这些bt356官网息是可用到第一反应。

普林斯顿居民大约四年,赛明顿在敦长大,宾夕法尼亚州。她的父亲是一名软件开发人员,她的母亲在办公室工作。

从西切斯特大学在小学教育学位毕业后,赛明顿有一对夫妇长期替补位置。她的目标一直是一个科学老师,专门教环境教育。不过那年夏天,她得到了与先锋的临时作业演变成金融行业的永久位置。但是,她解释说,“15年后我知道那不是我想要用我的余生做。”

可持续性感兴趣的,她用Google搜索“可持续”和“普林斯顿”,并于2014年来到普林斯顿可持续发展作为一个志愿者,她开始了写关于能源和能源效率的广告系列。志愿导致兼职工作,并最终为项目主任的全职位置。 “我沉浸在自己的可持续发展,采取任何类,我可以,”赛明顿说。 “对我来说,[可持续性]了解所有的系统是如何工作的,并试图确保他们尽可能高效地工作,有利于生活质量。”

可持续普林斯顿一直是一个非营利性的,因为2012年现任执行董事为莫莉·琼斯;社区外展经理和志愿者协调人是珍妮ludmer;他们有一个12人组成的董事会。组织运行的“伟大的想法”事件带来的主题专家和周围画90人。他们还运行特殊项目,例如,电动汽车在春天大街车库充电站,为此,他们帮助获得资金和协调安装。全市拥有并维护站。

当他们开始实施气候行动计划,赛明顿说,“我们优先考虑那些对排放影响最大的[行动],我们足够灵活利用资金的选择,因为他们来的。”

To make the changes suggested in the 普林斯顿 Climate Action Plan demands both education — of homeowners, consumers, and practitioners — and policy changes, and the role of 可持续普林斯顿 is to initiate programs, campaigns (for example, naming October as “home-energy audit month”), and community education.

“Every year they will redo the emissions inventory and every three years will bring the working groups and community groups back together and see how we are making progress,” Symington says. “Every year we will be at the priority setting sessions [of the Council and the mayor] to make sure everyone remembers we committed to these actions.”